Practice Question 6

DAILY MAINS ANSWER WRITING CHALLENGE

Practice Question 6

Q) Recently the United Nations General Assembly has passed a resolution demanding the United Kingdom return control of the Chagos Islands to Mauritius. Discuss its implications.

Superb Hints:

  • The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has passed a resolution demanding the United Kingdom (UK) return control of the Chagos Islands to Mauritius.

 

  • The current challenges faced by the UK are twofold: increased international human rights pressure demanding the Chagossians' right to return and the recent ruling of the UNGA, both of which attack the legitimacy of British presence in the region. The U.K.’s decision to depopulate Diego Garcia was an egregious example of human rights violations. The U.S. and the U.K. have often wagged their fingers at developing countries on human rights violations and now find themselves in the dock for the same at the UN.

 

  • The recent UNGA resolution, however, will not change the situation overnight, but, it will surely allow the Chagossians forcibly removed from their homes to be able to return one day. It has immediate practical consequences such as the UN and specialised agencies and all other international organisations are now bound, as a matter of UN law, to support the decolonisation of Mauritius and restricted from aiding any claim by the UK over the BIOT, as London calls its colony.

 

  • The UK may not doubt its sovereignty over Chagos, butvif it claims it in any forum – from the EU to the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission – or in any intergovernmental negotiation, its claim will not be recognised.

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